In this lesson, we learn how to find particular solutions to second order equations with constant coefficients when the right-hand side is not zero. We focus on four types of inputs: simple exponential, decaying exponential, pure oscillation, and decaying oscillation. We use the exponential input theorem, which tells us that the particular solution for an exponential input is simply the exponential function divided by the polynomial evaluated at the exponent. We demonstrate how to apply this method to a specific example and find the general solution by taking the imaginary part of the complex solution.
Finding Particular Solutions to Inhomogeneous ODEs: Operator and Solution Formulas Involving Exponentials -- Lecture 13. A spattering of formulas for finding particular solutions to ODEs.
Arthur Mattuck, 18.03 Differential Equations, Spring 2006. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare), http://ocw.mit.edu (Accessed November 26, 2008). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA.
More info at: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms